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沈阳市网信办开展“火火中国节 浓浓沈阳情”迎春系列活动

2019-09-19 15:10 来源:赤峰广播电视网

  沈阳市网信办开展“火火中国节 浓浓沈阳情”迎春系列活动

  BEIJING,June13(Xinhua)--srecentpledgetostopholdingmilitaryexerciseswiththeRepublicofKorea(ROK)provedonceagainthatChinasproposalontheKoreanPeninsulaissuewas"reasonableandpractical."ThesituationontheKoreanPeninsulahadshownpositivechangesevenbeforethemeetingoftheleadersoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKoreas(DPRK)andtheUnitedStatesinSingapore,accordingtoChineseForeignMinistryspokespersonGengShuang."ThefactthattheDPRKhadstoppednucleartests,andtheUnitedStatesandtheROKhadshownself-restraintonmilitarydrills,demonstratedthesuspensionforsuspensioninitiativeproposedbyChinahadbeenpracticallyimplemented,"sproposalnotonlyalignedwiththeinterestsofallpartiesinvolved,butcouldalsosolvetheirmostpressingsecurityconcerns."ChinaspropositionsontheKoreanPeninsulaissuearetenableandwilleventuallyreceivesupportfromallparties,",accordingtoTrumpinSingaporeTuesdayafterthesummitwithKimJongUn,s"suspensionforsuspension"initiativecallsfortheDPRKtosuspenditsnucl-ROKmilitaryexercises.Peoplewhocanidentifypatternsandsystems,knownassystemisers,preferintensemusicthatformscomplexsounds.能够识别音乐模式和体系的“系统化的人”更喜欢激烈而复杂的复合声乐。

Chinasfirstself-developed160kilometer-an-hourmagneticlevitationtrainrolledofftheproductionline,,suitableforcommutingbetweenurbanareasandsatellitetowns,wasdeliveredonTuesdaybyCRRCZhuzhouLocomotiveCoLtd,basedinCentralChina,thecompanyexpectstodeliver200km/hmedium-speedmaglevtrainsbytheendof2019,saidTongLaisheng,,thecompanys100km/hmaglevrailline,designedmainlyforurbantransport,,,andusesspeciallydesignedtrackstokeepthetrainsfromoverturningorderailing."Chinahasmasteredthecoretechnologiesofcommercialmaglevtrains,andhasestablishedacomprehensivesystemrangingfromtechnicalresearchandmanufacturingtocommercialoperations,"saidLiuYoumei,anacademicianoftheChineseAcademyofEngineering."Sofar,theself-developedmaglevtechnologyhasbeencommercializedinahostoftraintypes,"Liusaid."Theproductionofmaglevtrainsrequiresover10,000partsandcomponents,90percentofwhichcanbeproducedinHunanprovince."CRRCZELCisakeysubsidiaryunderChinaRailwayRollingStockCorp,thenation,therailwaymajorhasbeengoingfullsteamaheadonstudyingdifferenttypesofmaglevtrains,,chairmanofCRRCZELC,said:"ThecompanyhasbeenfuelingcontinuinginnovationtopromotethetechnologicallevelofChina,environmentally-friendlyandintelligentsolutionsfortransportationsystem."Thereareconcernsaboutthecostofconstructingtheinfrastructureforacommercialmaglevservice,assomemaglevtrainlines,reportedly,,aprofessorattheSchoolofEconomicsandManagementatBeijingJiaotongUniversity,saidoperatorsneedtoestimateanappropriatepassengerflowvolume,whichisnormallysmallerthanthatofthesubway,,theworldsfirstmaglevlinewaslaunchedinChina,providinga,asthetrainhasaspeedofupto430km/h.ChinesePresidentXiJinping(C)andotherleadersattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitposeforagroupphotoaheadofabanquetinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/DingLin)QINGDAO,China,June9(Xinhua)--AsShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)leadersgatherinthisdynamicChineseportcityforasummitovertheweekend,theworldslargestregionalinstit,whichnowrepresentsnearlyhalftheglobalpopulationandservesasamodelforinternationalwin-wincooperation,sustainedsoundgrowthoftheorga,Chinascityofsails,istheSCOsfirstsinceIndiaandPakistanbecamefullmemberslastyear,andfollows17yearsofsteadyprogress,whichhasturne,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,TajikistanandUzbekistanfoundedtheSCOinJune2001,itsprimarymissionwastobuildmutualtrust,safeguardtrans-bordersecurityandboostanti-terrorismcooperation,,theSCOmadeimpressiveachievementsincombatingthe"threeevilforces"ofterrorism,separatismandextremism,,,inlinewiththechangesintheinternationalcircumstancesandtheneedsofitsownmembers,theSCOgradual,theSCOhaeasures,andsignedtheSCODevelopmentStrategy2025andastringofotheragreements,providingastrongandsteadyboos,,theirtotaltradevolumealsogrewmorethanseven-fold,,,whichwasinitiatedin2007andnowcomprisesanetworkof82educationalinstitutionsinmemberstatesprovidinghighlyskilledpersonneltraininginsevenfields,astingvitalityofitsbedrockprinciple--theShanghaiSpirit,whichfeaturesmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,,theSCOhasfaithfullyupheldtheShanghaiSpirit,advocatingmutualrespectandwin-wincooperationandfollowinganexterna,theSCOhasconsistentlyplayedanactiveandconstructiveroleinregionalandglobalaffairs,andsetastrikingexampleforforgingtheChina-championednewtypeofinternationalrelations,whichfeaturesmutualrespect,fairnessandjustice,,itroutinelyinvitesrepresentativesfrominternationalorganizationstoitssummits,anditalwaysstan,itisalsotheSCO,itnowboastsmorepeopleandbroadermarkets,tsoftheworld,,theBeltandRoadInitiativeandthebuildingofacommunitywithasharedfutureformankind--twograndvisionsproposedbyChiategiesofSCOcountries,adoptanumberofdocumentsandactionplansonpracticalcooperation,anddeliveraclearmessageonimpr,botholdandnew,shouldcontinuetostandtogetherintheShanghaiSpirit,andjsbirthcountrythattheexemplaryorganizationwill,asXisaidinhistoastatthewelcomedinneronSaturdayevening,"hoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyage."

  Theloneliestpeopl,andtheiragemeanstheycantgetaroundliketheyusedto.人们通常认为老年人是孤独的。YeLianping,90,tutorsstudentsfreeofchargeinhishomeinMaanshanCity,EastChina’udentscanfinishhomework,,Yeisknownforhisthriftandstilllivesinashabbycottagebuilt30yearsago.(Photo/VCG)YeLianpingworksinaclassroomforleftbehindchildreninMaanshanCity,EastChina’udentscanfinishhomework,,Yeisknownforhisthriftandstilllivesinashabbycottagebuilt30yearsago.(Photo/VCG)YeLianpingworksinaclassroomforleftbehindchildreninMaanshanCity,EastChina’udentscanfinishhomework,,Yeisknownforhisthriftandstilllivesinashabbycottagebuilt30yearsago.(Photo/VCG)YeLianpingworksinaclassroomforleftbehindchildreninMaanshanCity,EastChina’udentscanfinishhomework,,Yeisknownforhisthriftandstilllivesinashabbycottagebuilt30yearsago.(Photo/VCG)YeLianpingworksinaclassroomforleftbehindchildreninMaanshanCity,EastChina’udentscanfinishhomework,,Yeisknownforhisthriftandstilllivesinashabbycottagebuilt30yearsago.(Photo/VCG)

  State-ownedenterprisesmustcarryoutreformsinordertoachievesuccess,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingsaidonWednesdayduringaninspectiontourinYantaiCityineastChinasShandongProvince,,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,inspectedfacilitiesofWanhuaChemicalandCIMCRafflesinYantaiafterattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinnearbyQingdaoovertheweekend.WangYang(R),chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeoplesPoliticalConsultativeConference,meetswithCongolesePresidentDenisSassouNguessoinBrazzaville,theRepublicofCongo,June13,,presidentoftheSenateoftheRepublicofCongo,WangpaidanofficialfriendlyvisittotheAfricancountryfromJune11to13.(Xinhua/DingHaitao)BRAZZAVILLE,June13(Xinhua)--ChinastoppoliticaladvisorWangYangpaidanofficialvisittotheRepublicofCongofromMondaessoonWednesdaymorning,Wang,chairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeoplesPoliticalConsultativeConference(CPPCC),firstlyconveyedChinesePresidentXiJinpingtherdevelopmentofbilateraltiesandChina-AfricatieswithSassouNguessoduringtheupcomingBeijingSummitoftheForumonChina-AfricaCooperation(FOCAC)sstatevisittoChinain2016,thetwocountriesliftedbilateraltiestothecomprehensivestrategicpartnershipofcooperation,,thefirststopofhisfirstoverseasvisitsincehetookofficeinMarchthisyear,showedtheimpotherscoreinterestsandissuesofmajorconcernsandcloselycoordinatedoninternationalandregionalissuessoastosafeguardcommoninterests,,boostpoliticalmutualtrustandfocusoncooperationoftheBeltandRoadInitiativewiththeRepublicofCongointhehopeofjointlybuildingaChina-Africacommunitywithasharedfuture,"afirmfriendofChina,"SassouNguessosaidhiscountryspokehighlyoftheBeltandRoadInitiativeandtheconceptofbuildingacommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity,FOCACBeijingSu,presidentoftheSenateoftheRepublicofCongo,onTuesday,cofCongoundertheleadershipofPresidentSassouNguesso,saidWang,addingthatChinafirmlysupportstheRepublic(CPC)heldlastOctoberestablishedXiJinpingThoughtonSocialismwithChineseCharacteristicsforaNewEraasalong-termguidingprinciplefortheCPCandthethoughtwancewiththeCongolesePartyofLaborsoastomaketheparty-to-partycooperationforgeasolidfoundationforthecomprehensivestrategicpartnershipofcooperationbetweenthetwocountries,RepublicofCongotopromotethesynergyofbothcountries,NgolosaidrecentyearshavewitnessedgreatchangesinhiscountryandhugeimprovementofpeopleslivelihoodthankstothecountrytheleadershipofPresidentXi,ptofbuildingacommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity,tconceptswiththeCPC,whiletheSenatestandsreadytobea"propeller"oftiesbetweenChinaandtheRepublicofCongosoastomakenewcontributiontobilateralties,,speakeroftheNationalAssemblyandClementMouamba,primeminister,Wangsaidbothcountrieshavemadefruitfulcooperationintheareasofinfrastructuralconstruction,energyandresourcesdevelopment,ocountries,createasoundenvironmentforbilateralcooperation,promotecooperationinareasimportanttopeopleslivelihoodandshareexperienceonpoverty-eradication,publicofCongo,justlikeChinasYangtzeRiverandtheCongoRiver,rtduringtheircountry,capitaloftheRepublicofCongo,WangalsovisitedjointcooperationprojectsincludingademonstrationvillagehostingtheChina-aided"AccesstoSatelliteTVfor10,000AfricanVillagesProject"atthevillageofKintele,,

UNAIDSExecutiveDirectorMichelSidibespeaksduringaninterviewwithXinhuaNewsAgencyattheUnitedNationsheadquartersinNewYork,onJune12,,MichelSidibesaidTuesdayattheUNheadquartersafterhisreportonthelatestprogressoftheagencysstruggleagainstAIDS.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)UNITEDNATIONS,June12(Xinhua)--ChinaisplayingagreatroleinfightingAIDS,UNAIDSExecutiveDirectorMichelSidibesaidTuesdayattheUnitedNationsheadquartersafterhisreportonthelatestprogressoftheagencyalAssemblyin2016,theworldismakingstrongprogresstowardendingtheAIDSepidemicby2030,,makingsurethatsanitation,environment,sportandotherissuesareaddressed,igmforreinforcingrelevantservicedeliverysystem,,hesaid,addingthatChina,acountrywithsuccessfulexperiencein"barefootdoctors",canplayacriticalroleintrainingcommunityhealthworkers,,oneoftheleadingmediagroupsintheworld,hasbeenontheforefrontsharingresults,makingpeopleunderstandwhatneedstobeaddressed,andtryingtomobilize,advocateandcreatespaceforsocialchange,,battingtheepidemicinChinaandbeyond.

  LONDON,(Xinhua)--WayneRooneywillbetheEnglandcaptainFridaynightwhentheymeetScotlandatWembleyfortheirWorldCupqualifier,alifieragainstSlovenialastmonthwhenRooneywasputonthebench."Hesinabetterplacethanhewasforthelastgettogetherintermsofhissharpness,confidence,"Southgatesaid."He"Hesplayingwell,hesaplayerthatwhenhesconfident."Hisexperienceisimportantinagamelikethiswithateamwithalotofenergyandpotential,butyoualsoneedsomeexperiencedplayersaroundthat."ID:22944243----URL:http:///2016-11/11/content_

  共同债务jointdebt1月17日,最高人民法院发布关于审理涉及夫妻债务纠纷案件适用法律有关问题的解释,就当前司法实践中争议较大的夫妻共同债务认定问题作出明确规定,并合理分配举证证明责任,平衡保护各方当事人合法权益.TheSupremePeoplesCourtissuedajudicialinterpretationontheMarriageLawonWednesday,clarifyingthedivisionofdebt.最高人民法院17日发布《婚姻法》有关司法解释,对债务分配作出明确规定.该司法解释明确规定,夫妻双方共同签字或者夫妻一方事后追认等共同意思表示所负的债务(debtsincurredbyboththehusbandandthewifeoracknowledgedbyaspousethereafter),应当认定为夫妻共同债务(jointdebts).夫妻一方在婚姻关系存续期间以个人名义为家庭日常生活需要所负的债务(debtsincurredbyaspouseforthefamilysdailyneedsduringamarriage),债权人以属于夫妻共同债务为由主张权利的,人民法院应予支持.夫妻一方在婚姻关系存续期间以个人名义超出家庭日常生活需要所负的债务(debtsincurredbyaspouseforusebeyondthescopeofthefamilysdailyneeds),债权人以属于夫妻共同债务为由主张权利的,人民法院不予支持,但债权人能够证明该债务用于夫妻共同生活、共同生产经营或者基于夫妻双方共同意思表示的除外(unlessthecreditorcanprovethedebthasbeenusedforthefamily,commonproductionorbusinessorincurredwithmutualconsent).该司法解释于2018年1月18日起正式实施.【相关词汇】jointestate/commonwealth/mutualproperty共同财产pre-maritalproperty婚前财产prenuptialagreement婚前协议divisionofproperty财产分割divorceproceeding离婚诉讼divorcesettlement离婚协议书forgeddebt伪造债务WASHINGTON,June13(Xinhua)--Aninternationalteamofscientistshasdiscoveredthattheworldsiceshelvesmaybebeingdestabilizedbyforcesfromaboveandbelow,tarcticiceshelveswa,surfacemeltwatercouldflowintothesefractures,furtherdestabilizingtheic,aprofessorofCanadasUniversityofWaterloo,theresearchersdescribedthismechanisminamajoricebreakup,orcalving,eventin2016atAntarctica,(UTIG),alsofoundfracturesassociatedwithchannelsunderneathiceshelvesinnearlyeverymajoroutletofAntarcticicetotheoceanaswellasonGreenland,whicharefloatingextensionsofcontinentalglaciers,slowcenturies,moresurfacemeltwaterwillbeavailableonfracturediceshelves,whichcouldresultinmanymorecatastrophicicelossevents,accordingtothestudy."WerebeginningtounderstandhowtheretreatofAntarcticassensitiveglaciersprobablybeginsinawarmingclimate,"saidDonaldBlankenship,aUTIGseniorresearchscientistandco-authorofthenewstudy."Itsinterestingand,ofcourse,troublingthattheimpactsofoceanandatmospheremeltingcancombinetoacceleratethelossofimportanticeshelves."InthecaseofthecalvingeventontheNansenIceShelf,researchersdiscoveredaspectacularrigeffect,adifferentandmoingeventtothechann,theUnitedStatesandtheRepublicofKorea,usingmultipledatasetscollectedbybothairborneandsatelliteplatforms.

  BeijingwasthebestsportscityinChinain2016,accordingtoarankinglistreleasedbythePeoplesDailyOnline"2016BestSportsCities"listwasbasedonathoroughanalysisoffouraspects:gamesheldinthecities,situationandutilizationofvenues,massphysicalexercise,anddevelopmentofthesportsindustry,,followedbyShanghaiwhere33gameswerepresented,,Beijingowns13teams,Shanghaiowns12,,Tianjin,andShanghaihavethebestvenueswithahigherusageratio,followedbyChengdu,Nanjing,Changchun,Guangzhou,Jinan,Urumqi,,followedbyChengduandXi,fishing,squaredancing,jogging,,eightwererankedinthecountry

  WASHINGTON,June13(Xinhua)--Aninternationalteamofscientistshasdiscoveredthattheworldsiceshelvesmaybebeingdestabilizedbyforcesfromaboveandbelow,tarcticiceshelveswa,surfacemeltwatercouldflowintothesefractures,furtherdestabilizingtheic,aprofessorofCanadasUniversityofWaterloo,theresearchersdescribedthismechanisminamajoricebreakup,orcalving,eventin2016atAntarctica,(UTIG),alsofoundfracturesassociatedwithchannelsunderneathiceshelvesinnearlyeverymajoroutletofAntarcticicetotheoceanaswellasonGreenland,whicharefloatingextensionsofcontinentalglaciers,slowcenturies,moresurfacemeltwaterwillbeavailableonfracturediceshelves,whichcouldresultinmanymorecatastrophicicelossevents,accordingtothestudy."WerebeginningtounderstandhowtheretreatofAntarcticassensitiveglaciersprobablybeginsinawarmingclimate,"saidDonaldBlankenship,aUTIGseniorresearchscientistandco-authorofthenewstudy."Itsinterestingand,ofcourse,troublingthattheimpactsofoceanandatmospheremeltingcancombinetoacceleratethelossofimportanticeshelves."InthecaseofthecalvingeventontheNansenIceShelf,researchersdiscoveredaspectacularrigeffect,adifferentandmoingeventtothechann,theUnitedStatesandtheRepublicofKorea,usingmultipledatasetscollectedbybothairborneandsatelliteplatforms.天舟一号Tianzhou-1Chinahastakenanothersteptowarditsgoalofputtingaspacestationintoorbitaround2022,bysendingitsfirstcargospacecraftTianzhou-1intospaceonThursdayevening.我国首个货运飞船天舟一号于20日晚发射升空,我们朝着2022年前后建立轨道空间站的目标又迈进了一步.AtopaLongMarch-7Y2carrierrocket,Tianzhou-1roseintotheairfromtheWenchangSpaceLaunchCenterinsouthChinasHainanProvinceat7:月20日19时41分,搭载着天舟一号货运飞船的长征七号遥二运载火箭,在我国文昌航天发射场点火发射.天舟一号(Tianzhou-1)是我国自主研制的首艘货运飞船(thefirstcargospacecraftdevelopedbyChina),也是中国目前为止体积最大、重量最重的航天器(thelargestandheaviestspacecraft).由于它只运货,不送人,所以被形象地称为太空"快递小哥"(spacecourier/deliveryman).天舟一号采用两舱式结构,直径较小的是推进舱(propellingmodule),直径较大的为货物舱(cargomodule).飞船全长米,最大直径米,起飞质量(takeoffweight)约13吨,太阳帆板展开后最大宽度米,物资运输能力(payloadcapacity)约吨,推进剂补加能力约为2吨.Tianzhou-1smostcapablecargospacecraftinservice:JapansH-IITransferVehiclehas6tonsofpayloadcapacity;theCygnusandDragon,bothUS-madecraft,;andRussia天舟一号吨的物资运输能力使其成为世界上运输能力最强的现役货运飞船:日本的H-II货运飞船运输能力为6吨;美国的"天鹅座"和"龙"飞船的运输能力分别为吨和吨;俄罗斯的进步-MS飞船为吨.天舟一号在太空要执行哪些任务?飞船入轨后,将按预定程序与在轨运行的天宫二号先后进行自动交会对接(autonomousdocking)、自主快速交会对接(autonomousfastdocking)等3次交会对接,3次推进剂在轨补加(propellantin-orbitrefueling)以及空间应用和航天技术等领域的多项实(试)验.首次对接:两天后,天舟一号与天宫二号进行首次交会对接.之后,天舟一号与天宫二号组合体将进行为期两个月的在轨飞行.期间,计划完成3次推进剂在轨补加试验(experimentsonpropellantin-orbitrefueling),同时测试货运飞船对组合体的控制能力(testthecontrollingabilityofthecargospacecraftoverthetwospacecraft).二次对接:完成首次对接后,天舟一号与天宫二号分离,然后绕飞到天宫二号的另一侧,进行第二次对接.第二次对接的主要任务是进行绕飞实验(fly-aroundtests),检验天舟一号前向对接能力(capabilityofforwarddocking).之后天舟一号与天宫二号再次分离,两个飞行器将独立飞行三个月,完成搭载的空间科学试验(spacescientificexperiments).三次对接:天舟一号与天宫二号进行最后一次对接,验证自主快速交会对接(autonomousfastdocking)技术,要求在六小时左右实现对接.完成所有既定任务后,天舟一号将受控离轨,陨落至空间安全海域(fallintoadesignatedseaarea).此次任务是中国载人航天工程空间实验室阶段(spacelaboratorystageofChinamannedspaceengineering)的收官之战,对于空间站工程后续任务顺利实施具有极为重要的意义,将标志着中国载人航天工程胜利完成"三步走"战略中的"第二步"任务,为空间站建设任务奠定坚实技术基础.1992年9月,中国实施载人航天工程并确定中国载人航天"三步走"的发展战略(three-stepmannedspaceprogram):第一步,发射载人飞船(mannedspaceship),建成初步配套的试验性载人飞船工程,开展空间应用实验.2013年神舟5号载人飞船任务顺利完成.第二步,突破航天员出舱活动技术(extra-vehicularactivity)、空间飞行器的交会对接技术(rendezvousanddocking),发射空间实验室(spacelab),解决有一定规模的、短期有人照料的空间应用问题.第三步,建造空间站,解决有较大规模的、长期有人照料的空间应用问题(operateapermanentmannedspacestation).  

  TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

  thofinformationaboutChinesehistory,culture,,,2003,theWebsitebeganofferingcomprehensiveinformationservicesinbothChineseandEnglish,,MinistryofCultureandTourismofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaTheBureauforExternalCulturalRelationsisinchargeofforeignaffairsinculturalworkandculturalexchangeswiththeHKSAR,MacaoandTaiwan;makingpoliciesandregulationsforthiswork;signingculturalcooperationagreementbetweenChinaandforeigncountriesandcarryingoutannualexecutiveplanandplansforculturalexchangeprograms;conductingliaisonworkwithCulturaldepartmentunderChineseembassiesabroad;instructingtheworkofculturalinstitutionsintheHKSARandMacao;sRepublicofChinaMinistryofCultureandTourismisestablishedasadepartmentundertheStateCouncilresponsiblefortheadministrationofChina’:makingguidelinesforculturalandart-relatedpoliciesandprinciples,draftingculturalandart-relatedlawsandregulations;guidingthereformofculturalsystem,administratingculturalandartisticindustry,directingtheartisticcreationandproduction,supportingrepresentative,modelandexperimentalartsandculturalworks,administratingnationalimportantculturalactivities,responsiblefortheplanningandguidanceoftheconstructionofnationalkeyculturalfacilities,makingguidelinesforculturalmarketdevelopmentplans,guidingcomprehensivelawenforcementinculturalmarkets,exercisingsupervisionoverculturalandart-relatedcommercialoperations,aswellassupervisingtheStateAdministrationofCulturalHeritage.

  FanscheerinfrontofacountdownclockneartheRedSquareinMoscow,Russia,onJune13,(Xinhua/YangLei)BySportswriterSuBinMOSCOW,June13(Xinhua)--Astheclocktickedintothefinal24hoursaheadoftheWorldCup,elatedatmospherefromfan,Alonso,astudentfromArgentina,hasdecidedtostayinRussiauntiltheconclusionofthetournament."IhopethatArgentinacanplayinthefinalandwin,",Egypt,Iran,Peru......differentjerseysofparticipatingsidescanbeseenonfansfromallovertheworld,andwhatsincommonisthatlikeAlonso,,ColombiaareplacedinGroupHwithPoland,groupstagewithnothingbutvictories."Wewillwin,that,Poland1-0andSenegal1-0,",,,over43,000ticketswe,AustraliaandDenmark."Itwasreallyhardforthem(Peru)toqualify,butoncetheyqualifiedandarenowontheWorldCup,theyareveryconfidenttomakeittothelastgame,"saidErick,,severalPeruvianfansgrabbedthespotlight,attractinglocalpeopletoposewiththemforphotographsinsunnyMoscow.",butweareconfidentthatwehaveverygoodplayersandcontinuetogotothefinal,"sopeningmatchbetweenRussiaandSaudiArabiaon,footballfanscan,takeaseatandenjoytheshow.LiZhanshu,chairmanoftheNationalPeoplesCongressStandingCommitteeandamemberoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,inspectsBeijing-TianjinsandstormsourcecontrolprojectinOrdos,northChinasInnerMongoliaAutonomousRegion,June4,o5.(Xinhua/RaoAimin)HOHHOT,June5(Xinhua)--ChinastoplegislatorLiZhanshucalledforstrictenforcementoftheAirPollutionControlLawtoensure"blueskywithwhiteclouds"forthepeopleduringaninspectiontourinnorthChina,chairmanoftheNationalPeoplesCongressStandingCommitteeandamemberoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,stressedtheimportance,BaotouandOrdosandinspectedelectricity,ironandsteel,coal,chemical,,Liaskedofficialsandenterprisestoreducecoalburningaa,InnerMongoliashouldstepuptheeffortstofightdesertification,whilewetlandprotectionandpollutioncontrolshouldbestrengthened,Lisaid.

  

  沈阳市网信办开展“火火中国节 浓浓沈阳情”迎春系列活动

 
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莱州朱桥:非遗古韵,笔尖上的传统技艺

2019-09-19 17:13:33 来源: 新华网
AfederaljudgeonTuesdayapprovedtelecommunicationsgiantATTs$85billionpurchaseofTimeWarner,,sargumentthattheacquisitionofTimeWarnerbyATT,theworldslargesttelecommunicationscompany,wouldleadtofewercho,,DonaldTrumpsaidhewouldopposethedeal"becauseitstoomuchconcentrationofpowerinthehandsoftoofew".Aspresident,TrumphasrepeatedlycriticizedCNN,whichisownedbyTimeWarnersunitTurnerBroadcasting,oftencallingit"fakenews.InadditiontoCNN,TimeWarnerownsTVnetworksHBO,,whichcouldgiveitnewkindsofsubscriptionsfromits119millionmobile,,whoarguedtheJusticeDepartmentcase,saidthedepartmentwouldre,includingdebt,wouldbethefourth-largestdealattemptedintheglobaltelecom,mediaandentertainmentspace,accordingtoThomsonReuters.

??? 毛笔作为文房四宝之一,是中国传统文化的重要标志,毛笔作为最主要的书写工具,记载了光辉灿烂的华夏文明,描绘出一幅幅荡气回肠的历史画卷。莱州市苗家一带有着悠远的传统毛笔制作历史,利用莱州湾沿岸特产的黄鼠狼尾毛,佐以优质东北元尾、貉子针毛,生产出各种优质狼毫笔、兼毫笔。著名书法家启功赞曰:“柔进得中,管轻适手。”2006年莱州毛笔被烟台市政府录入首批非物质文化遗产名录,2011年被国家工商总局商标局正式注册为地理标志证明商标。

??? 独特地理环境造就出莱州毛笔

??? 莱州,旧称掖县,位于胶东半岛西部,全境陆海兼备,位居交通要地,是千年古县。正如县志所载:“莱郡拥负山海,为渤海之名疆,三齐之巨镇”。司马迁说:“海岱间一都会也,我于掖乎见之矣!”优越的地理位置和相对的开放机制,加之莱州历来是书画家群英荟萃的地方,人才辈出,为莱州毛笔的兴盛和发展提供了种种机遇和可能,悠久的历史积淀和灿烂的文化传统,对于莱州毛笔制作的兴盛和发展起到了强有力的推动作用。

??? 朱桥镇地处莱州、龙口、招远三市交界处,闻名胶东的朱桥大集历史悠久,古时,制作毛笔的资源聚集便利,销售畅通。依托这一优势,当地许多农家以制笔为谋生手段。明清时期,家家户户呈现着一副热闹的作坊图,土炕上是梳理着各种尾毛的老人,百眼窗下是妇女们制管刻字的身影,男人们则包装成袋,肩挑驴驮,远走府县州城,直到大明京都,足迹踏遍白山黑水、长城内外。当时,莱州是中国东部的重要州府,又是一座历史文化名城。州中在朝做官者居多,享有“明清莱州半朝官”之说,多名宰相重臣如:赵焕、赵耀、毛纪、刘耳枝,还有书画名家翟云升、林凤官、张士保等等,他们用家乡笔影响着朝野各界,从而使莱州毛笔名扬京城。

??? “状元笔”书写百年传奇

??? 以狼毫为材的“北派”代表莱州毛笔因其丰厚的文化底蕴和独特的制作风格为世人所青睐,历史上曾与“南派”之首、取材羊毫的“湖笔”齐名,受到许多当代书画大家的青睐。

??? 莱州市文峰毛笔研究所负责人介绍,“莱州毛笔是一种古老的地方传统工艺品,规模生产始于明朝中期,距今已有六百多年历史,在清朝曾被选为贡品。清康熙年间,掖县就有制笔作坊,从事专业生产。建国后,在继承传统工艺的基础上,博采国内外毛笔生产之长,经过创新发展,品种不断增加,质量显著提高,在国内外市场上享有很高的声誉。”

??? 毛笔制作是莱州市朱桥镇苗家一带民间传统的家庭手工业,1972年苗家公社率先将散居民间的制笔艺人组织起来,建立了掖县制笔厂,辉煌时期笔厂制笔工匠达到400余人,慕名而来的书画家络绎不绝。1982年该厂生产的毛笔在全国第二次毛笔质量评比中荣获最高分,被誉为“状元笔”。

??? 莱州毛笔有两大特点,一是用料考究,选用优质大黄鼠狼尾毛为主料,配以适量香狸尾毛、兔须、獾针、羊毛、鸡毛等细尾毛。二是技艺精湛,主要工艺分为择料、水盆、干作、刻字、包装五大工序,经过选、配、垫、梳、圆、修、捋等120多道工序手工精制而成。从而形成莱州毛笔开峰尖细,书写流利,柔而不软,刚而含蓄,具有“尖、齐、圆、健”四德兼备的特定品质。

??? 莱州毛笔的“涅槃”重生

??? 曾经风光无限的莱州毛笔,在过去的十多年里,却一度处于“熊市”,同样也面临着传统技艺失传的问题。莱州市照清笔庄庄主王沼清介绍,在过去很长一段时间内我国的中小学取消毛笔课,这对于莱州毛笔来说打击是非常沉重的。“毛笔属于手工制作,学徒工艺枯燥,制作流程繁琐、严谨,需要三年时间才能大体把握整个制笔套路,加之收益周期长等特点,致使现在的年轻人几乎无人肯学,现在大部分技工都是五六十岁甚至更老的老人了。”而近年来随着学校书法课的恢复,毛笔需求量大增,为整个毛笔行业迎来新的发展契机。

????2016年以来,莱州市朱桥镇在文化发展上做好文章,在非遗传承上下足功夫。协调北京中协正阳影视文化有限公司注册成立莱州市状元笔制造有限公司,投资6000万元建设状元笔展示基地,打造集产品展示、工艺展示和书画艺术展示为一体的文化项目,凝聚零散毛笔手工作坊和手工匠人,辐射带动周边毛笔产业,让莱州毛笔再创辉煌。

?? ?“状元笔展示基地项目占地20亩,1500平方米的状元笔展示中心将集中展示9家毛笔企业的350个品种产品及名家书画。同时,设立百年老字号‘一得阁’专柜和笔墨纸砚专柜。目前一期工程已竣工,预计5月份可实现对外开放。”在莱州市状元笔制造有限公司,总经理姜曙光详细介绍了企业规划和发展情况。未来,公司将进一步“引进来”“走出去”,实现莱州毛笔制造产业全面复兴。

??? “现在政府重视了,出面协调建设状元笔展示基地,为莱州毛笔的传承和发展起到了积极作用,也为我们这些守望莱州毛笔的匠人们吃了一颗定心丸。”莱州市明苑制笔厂制笔艺人滕占锁说,“过去还真怕再过十几年,这门传统手艺就真的要失传了,现在我把这门手艺传给了自己的两个孩子,希望他们能够借助状元笔基地的建设,为莱州毛笔的传承和发展做出一点贡献”。

??? 莱州市朱桥镇镇长阴发杰表示:下一步该镇计划牵头组建状元笔产业协会,促进全镇毛笔生产企业抱团发展,更好的传承和发扬莱州毛笔这一非物质文化遗产。如今,状元笔展示基地已初步成形,部分毛笔工坊已经入驻,相信作为“毛笔北派”代表的“莱州笔”一定会再现辉煌。 (李希平)

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